- January 5
- Dr. Benjamin Spock; William Sloan Coffin the chaplain of Yale University;
- Goodman; Michael Ferber, a graduate student at Harvard; and Marcus
Raskin a peace
- activist are indicted on charges of conspiracy to encourage
violations of the draft laws by a
- grand jury in Boston. The charges are the result of actions taken at
a protest rally the
- previous October at the Lincoln Memorial. The four will be convicted
and Raskin acquitted
- on June 14th.
- January 10
- The 10,000th. US airplane is lost over Vietnam.
- January 17
- President Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908-1973) delivers the State of the
- January 23
- North Korean patrol boats capture the USS Pueblo, a US Navy intelligence
- and its 83 man crew on charges of violating the communist country's
- limit. This crisis would dog the US foreign policy team for 11
months, with the crew of the
- Pueblo finally gaining freedom on December 22.
- January 31
- At half-past midnight on Wednesday morning the North Vietnamese launch the
- at Nha Trang. Nearly 70,000 North Vietnamese troops will take part
in this broad action,
- taking the battle from the jungles to the cities. The offensive will
carry on for weeks and is
- seen as a major turning point for the American attitude toward the
war. At 2:45 that morning
- the US embassy in Saigon is invaded and held until 9:15AM.
- February 1
- During police actions following the first day of the Tet offensive General
Nguyen Ngoc Loan,
- a south Vietnamese security official is captured on film executing a
Viet Cong prisoner by
- American photographer Eddie Adams. The Pulitzer Prize-winning
- yet another rallying point for anti-war protestors. Despite later
claims that the prisoner had
- been accused of murdering a Saigon police officer and his family,
the image seems to call
- into question everything claimed and assumed about the American
allies, the South
- February 2
- Richard Nixon, a republican from California, enters the New Hampshire
- declares his presidential candidacy.
- February 4
- Martin Luther King Jr. delivers a sermon at his Ebenezer Baptist Church in
Atlanta which will
- come to be seen as prophetic. His speech contains what amounts to
his own eulogy. After
- his death, he says, "I'd like somebody to mention that day that
Martin Luther King Jr. tried to
- give his life serving others. I'd like for somebody to say that day
that Martin Luther King Jr.
- tried to love somebody... that I tried to love and serve humanity,.
Yes, if you want to, say that
- I was a drum major for peace... for righteousness."
- February 7
- International reporters arrive at the embattled city of Ben Tre in South
Vietnam. Peter Arnett,
- then of the Associated Press, writes a dispatch quoting an unnamed
US major as saying,
- "It became necessary to destroy the town to save it." The
quote runs nationwide the next
- day in Arnett's report.
- February 18
- The US State Department announces the highest US casualty toll of the
Vietnam War. The
- previous week saw 543 Americans killed in action, and 2547 wounded.
- February 27
- Walter Cronkite reports on his recent trip to Vietnam to view the
aftermath of the Tet
- Offensive in his television special Who, What, When, Where, Why?
The report is highly
- critical of US officials and directly contradicts official
statements on the progress of the war.
- After listing Tet and several other current military operations as
"draw[s]" and chastising
- American leaders for their optimism, Cronkite advises negotiation
"...not as victors, but as
- an honorable people who lived up to their pledge to defend
democracy, and did the best
- they could."
- March 12
- The New Hampshire primary election brings shocking results. The Eugene
- campaign, benefiting from the work of 2,000 full-time student
volunteers and up to 5,000 on
- the weekends immediately preceding the vote comes within 230 votes
of defeating the
- sitting president Lyndon Johnson. These students, participants in
what McCarthy refers to
- as his "children's crusade" have cut their hair, modified
their wardrobes, and become
- "clean for Gene" to contact the conservative voters in the
- March 16
- Senator Robert Kennedy, former Attorney General and brother of former
president John F.
- Kennedy (1961-63) ends months of debate by announcing that he will
enter the 1968
- Presidential race.
- March 16 (same day)
- Although it will not become public knowledge for more than a year, US
ground troops from
- Charlie Company rampage through the hamlet of My Lai killing more
than 500 Vietnamese
- civilians from infants to the elderly. The massacre continues for
three hours until three
- American fliers intervene, positioning their helicopter between the
troops and the fleeing
- Vietnamese and eventually carrying a handful of wounded to
- March 22
- In Czechoslovakia Antonin Novotny resigns the Czech presidency setting off
alarm bells in
- Moscow. The next day leaders of five Warsaw Pact countries meet in
- Germany to discuss the crisis.
- March 28
- Martin Luther King Jr. leads a march in Memphis which turns violent. After
King himself had
- been led from the scene one 16 year old black boy is killed, 60
people are injured, and
- over 150 arrested.
- March 31
- President Lyndon Johnson delivers his Address to the Nation Announcing
Steps To Limit
- the War in Vietnam and Reporting His Decision Not To Seek
Reelection. The speech
- announces the first in a series of limitations on US bombing,
promising to halt these
- activities above the 20th parallel.
- April 4
- Martin Luther King Jr. spends the day at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis
- meeting with local leaders on plans for his Poor People's March on
Washington to take
- place late in the month. At 6pm, as he greets the car and friends in
the courtyard, King is
- shot with one round from a 30.06 rifle. He will be declared dead
just an hour later at St.
- Joseph's hospital. After an international man-hunt James Earl Ray
will be arrested on June
- 27 in England, and convicted of the murder. Ray died in prison in
- Robert Kennedy, hearing of the murder just before he is to give a speech
in Indianapolis, IN,
- delivers a powerful extemporaneous eulogy in which he pleads with
the audience "to tame
- the savageness of man and make gentle the life of this world."
- The King assassination sparks rioting in Baltimore, Boston, Chicago,
Detroit, Kansas City,
- Newark, Washington, D.C., and many others. Across the country 46
deaths will be blamed
- on the riots.
- April 11
- United States Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford calls 24,500 military
reserves to action
- for 2 year commitments, and announces a new troop ceiling of 549,500
- in Vietnam. The total number of Americans "in country"
will peak at some 541,000 in
- August this year, and decline to 334,000 by 1970.
- April 23
- A rally and occupation of the Low administrative office building at
- planned to protest the university's participation in the Institute
for Defense Analysis is
- scuttled by conservative students and university security officers.
The demonstrators march
- to the site of a proposed new gymnasium at Morningside Heights to
stage a protest in
- support of neighbors who use the site for recreation. The action
eventually results in the
- occupation of five buildings - Hamilton, Low, Fairweather and
Mathematics halls, and the
- Architecture building. It will culminate seven days later when
police storm the buildings and
- violently remove the students and their supporters at the Columbia
- May 3
- The US and North Vietnamese delegations agree to begin peace talks in
Paris later this
- month. The formal talks will begin on May 10.
- May 6
- In France, "Bloody Monday" marks one of the most violent days of
the Parisian student
- revolt. Five thousand students march through the Latin Quarter with
support from the
- student union and the instructors' union. Reports of the ensuing
riot conflict, either the police
- charge unprovoked, or demonstrators harass them with thrown stones.
The fighting is
- intense with rioters setting up barricades and the police attacking
with gas grenades.
- Over-night the battle will subside, but only after engaging the
sympathies of large numbers
- of French unionists.
- May 11
- Ralph Abernathy, Martin Luther King Jr.'s designated successor, and the
- Leadership Corps are granted a permit for an encampment on the Mall
in Washington, DC.
- Eventually, despite nearly a solid month of rain, over 2,500 people
will eventually occupy
- Resurrection City. On June 24th the site is raided by police, 124
occupants arrested, and
- the encampment demolished.
- May 13
- The actions taken by the students and instructors at the Sorbonne inspires
- strikes throughout France. As many as nine million workers are on
strike by May 22.
- President de Gaulle takes action to shore up governmental power,
making strident radio
- addresses and authorizing large movements of military troops within
the country. These
- shows of force eventually dissipate the French revolutionary furor.
- June 3
- Andy Warhol is shot in his New York City loft by Valerie Solanis, a
struggling actress, and
- June 4/5
- On the night of the California Primary Robert Kennedy addresses a large
- supporters at the Ambassador Hotel in San Francisco. He has won
victories in California
- and South Dakota and is confident that his campaign will go on to
unite the many factions
- stressing the country. As he leaves the stage, at 12:13AM on the
morning of the fifth
- Kennedy is shot by Sirhan Sirhan, a 24 year old Jordanian living in
Los Angeles. The
- motive for the shooting is apparently anger at several pro-Israeli
speeches Kennedy had
- made during the campaign. The forty-two year old Kennedy dies in the
early morning of
- June sixth.
- June 8
- Robert Kennedy's funeral is held at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York.
- Kennedy, the youngest brother of John and Robert delivers the
eulogy. After the service, the
- body and 700 guests depart on a special train for the burial at
Arlington National Cemetery
- in Virginia.
- June 27
- As the "Prague Spring" continues in Czechoslovakia Ludvik
Vaculik releases his manifesto
- "Two Thousand Words". This essay, criticizing Communist
rule in Czechoslovakia and
- concluding with an overt threat to "foreign forces" trying
to control the government of the
- country was seen as a direct challenge to the Soviet Administration
who extended ongoing
- military exercises in the country, and began planning for their
invasion later in the summer.
- June 28
- A bill adding a 10 percent surcharge to income taxes and reducing
government spending is
- signed by President Johnson. The president effectively admits it has
been impossible to
- provide both "guns and butter."
- July 7
- Abbie Hoffman's "The Yippies are Going to Chicago" is published
in The Realist. The
- yippie movement, formed by Hoffman, Jerry Rubin and Paul Krassner,
- activists and demonstrators, is characterized by public displays of
disorder ranging from
- disrupting the trading floor of the New York Stock Exchange to the
destruction of the Clocks
- at Grand Central Terminal, the main commuter station for workers in
New York City. The
- Yippie's will be in the center of action six weeks later at the
Chicago Democratic National
- Convention, hosting a "Festival of Life" in contrast to
what they term the convention's
- "Festival of Death."
- July 24
- At the Newport (Rhode Island) Folk Festival singer Arlo Guthrie performs
his 20 minute
- ballad "Alice's Restaurant" to rave reviews.
- August 8
- At their Party convention in Miami Beach the Republicans nominate Richard
- to be their presidential candidate. The next day Nixon will appoint
Spiro Agnew of Maryland
- as his running mate. Nixon has been challenged in his campaign by
Nelson Rockefeller of
- New York, and Ronald Reagan of California.
- August 20
- The Soviet Union invades Czechoslovakia with over 200,000 Warsaw pact
- an end to the "Prague Spring," and beginning a period of
enforced and oppressive
- August 26
- Mayor Richard Daley opens the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
- convention moves haltingly toward nominating Hubert Humphrey for
president, the city's
- police attempt to enforce an 11 o'clock curfew. On that Monday night
- widespread, but generally peaceful. The next two days, however,
bring increasing tension
- and violence to the situation.
- August 28
- By most accounts, on Wednesday evening Chicago police take action against
- demonstrators without provocation. The police beat some marchers
unconscious and send
- at least 100 to emergency rooms while arresting 175. Mayor
Daley tried the next day to
- explain the police action at a press conference. He famously
explained: "The policeman
- isn't there to create disorder, the policeman is there to preserve
- Twenty-eight years later, when the Democrats next held a convention in
- police officers still on the force wore t-shirts proclaiming,
"We kicked their father's butt in
- '68 and now it's your turn."
- September 1
- Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey kicks off his presidential campaign at
- City's Labor Day parade.
- September 7
- Women's Liberation groups, joined by members of New York NOW, target the
- America Beauty Contest in Atlantic City. The protest includes
- including ritual disposal of traditional female roles into the
"freedom ashcan." While nothing
- is actually set on fire, one organizer's comment - quoted in the New
York Times the next
- day - that the protesters "wouldn't do anything dangerous, just
a symbolic bra-burning," lives
- on in the derogatory term "bra-burning feminist."
- September 29
- This date marks the thirtieth anniversary of Neville Chamberlain's Munich
- Czechoslovakia's Sudatenland to Hitler. This action widely seen as a
- factor to the devastation of World War II. The domino theory which
underlay so much of
- American action in Vietnam can be seen as a direct response to the
failure of international
- response to the German dictator.
- October 2
- Police and military troops in Mexico City react violently to a student -
led protest in Tlatelolco
- Square. Hundreds of the demonstrators are killed or injured.
- October 3
- George Wallace, who has been running an independent campaign for the
- has met significant support in the South and the Midwest, names
retired Air Force Chief of
- Staff Curtis E. LeMay to be his running mate. At the press
conference, the general is asked
- about his position on the use of nuclear weapons, and responds:
"I think most military men
- think it's just another weapon in the arsenal... I think there are
many times when it would be
- most efficient to use nuclear weapons. ... I don't believe the world
would end if we exploded
- a nuclear weapon."
- October 11
- Apollo 7 is launched from Florida for an eleven day journey which will
orbit the Earth 163
- October 12
- The Summer Olympic Games open in Mexico City. The games have been
boycotted by 32
- African nations in protest of South Africa's participation. On the
18th Tommie Smith and
- John Carlos, US athletes and medallists in the 200-meter dash will
further disrupt the
- games by performing the black power salute during the
"Star-Spangled Banner" at their
- medal ceremony.
- October 20
- Jacqueline Kennedy is married to Aristotle Onassis, a Greek shipping
magnate on the
- private island of Skorpios.
- October 31
- President Johnson announces a total halt to US bombing in North Vietnam.
- November 5
- Election Day. The results of the popular vote are 31,770,000 for Nixon,
43.4 percent of the
- total; 31,270,000 or 42.7 percent for Humphrey; 9,906,000 or 13.5
percent for Wallace;
- and 0.4 percent for other candidates.
- November 14
- National Turn in Your Draft Card Day is observed with rallies and protests
- campuses throughout the country.
- November 26
- After stalling for months, the South Vietnamese government agrees to join
in the Paris
- peace talks.
- December 11
- The unemployment rate, at 3.3 percent, is the lowest it has been in
- December 12
- Robert and Ethel Kennedy's daughter, Rory, their eleventh child is born.
- December 21
- The launch of Apollo 8 begins the first US mission to orbit the Moon.
The above information came from 1968:Timeline at http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/1968/reference/timeline.html
Grave of Nick Adams
Nick Adams was an actor (1931-1968) who appeared in "Rebel Without a
Cause." Saints Cyril and Methodius Ukrainian Church Cemetery
Berwick, PA 18603
- Bullitt 113 minutes, D: Peter Yates
- One of the screen's all-time best car chase sequences
(at up to 110 miles per hour), a 10-minute sequence filmed with
hand-held cameras up and down the narrow, hilly streets of San Francisco
as police lieutenant Frank Bullitt (Steve McQueen) chases after
criminals in his car through hazardous intersections. Bullitt's car was
a Highland Green, 1968 four-speed Ford Mustang Fastback GT (California
yellow-on-black license JJZ 109) powered by a 390/4V big block engine,
in pursuit of a black, 1968 four-speed Dodge Charger 440 R/T.
(Continuity errors in the sequence include an oft-viewed green VW
Beetle, and the 6 hubcaps that fall of the Charger's wheels.)
- Charly , 103 minutes, D: Ralph Nelson.
- Funny Girl, 151 minutes, D: William Wyler
- if... , 110 minutes, D: Lindsay Anderson
- The Lion in Winter , 134 minutes, D: Anthony Harvey
- Night of the Living Dead , 90 minutes, D: George Romero
- Oliver! , 153 minutes, D: Carol Reed
- Once Upon a Time in the West , 165 minutes, D: Sergio Leone
- Petulia , 105 minutes, D: Richard Lester
- Planet of the Apes , 112 minutes, D: Franklin Schaffner
- Pretty Poison , 89 minutes, D: Noel Black
- The Producers , 88 minutes, D: Mel Brooks
- Rachel, Rachel , 101 minutes, D: Paul Newman
- Romeo and Juliet (1968), 138 minutes, D: Franco Zefferelli
- Romeo and Juliet (1968) is Florentine director
Franco Zeffirelli's beautiful modern interpretation of Shakespeare's
enduring, classic yet tragic love story of "star-crossed
lovers." Filmed on location in Italy, it was the most commercially
successful Shakespeare film and its most entertaining, refreshing and
natural rendition - a passionate celebration of young love.
- The film won four Academy Award nominations for Best
Picture, Director, Cinematography (Pasqualino De Santis), and Costume
Design (Danilo Donati), winning two Oscars - Best Cinematography and
Costume Design. Nino Rota's evocative musical score, including a period
ballad "What is a Youth" (with lyrics by Eugene Walter) was
- Rosemary's Baby (1968), 136 minutes, D: Roman Polanski
- Rosemary's Baby (1968) is Polish director Roman
Polanski's first American feature film and his second, scary horror film
- following his first disturbing film in English titled Repulsion
(1965) - about a mentally-unstable, sexually-terrified woman
(Catherine Deneuve) left alone in her apartment. Polanski served as the
scriptwriter and based the darkly atmospheric film upon Ira Levin's
best-selling novel of the same name. [Levin also wrote another horror
tale about voyeurism in a Manhattan apartment building that inspired the
film Sliver (1993), starring Sharon Stone.] The film was produced
by Paramount Studios and veteran, low-budget horror film maker William
Castle, best known for gimmicky, cheesy films such as Mr. Sardonicus
(1961), Homicidal (1961), House on Haunted Hill (1958),
Macabre (1958), and The Tingler (1959).
- The Thomas Crown Affair (1968), 102 minutes, D: Norman Jewison
- 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), 139 minutes, D: Stanley Kubrick
- 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) is a landmark,
science fiction classic - and probably the best science-fiction film of
all time. It was released, coincidentally, at the height of the space
race between the USSR and the US. Here is an epic film containing more
spectacular imagery and special effects than verbal dialogue. Director
Stanley Kubrick's work is a profound, visionary and astounding film (a
mysterious Rorschach film-blot) and a tremendous visual experience.
Viewers are left to experience the non-verbal, mystical vastness of the
film, and to subjectively reach into their own subconscious and into the
film's pure imagery to speculate about its meaning. Many consider the
masterpiece bewildering and annoying, but are still inspired by it.
- Yellow Submarine (1968), 85 minutes, D: George Dunning
Green Bay d. Oakland (33-14)
Detroit d. St. Louis Cardinals (4-3)
Boston d. LA Lakers (4-2)
Montreal d. St. Louis (4-0)
Women: Billie Jean King d. J. Tegart (9-7 7-5)
Men: Rod Laver d. T. Roche (6-3 6-4 6-2)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
UCLA d. North Carolina (78-55)
NCAA Football Champions
Ohio St. (10-0-0)
|President: Lyndon B. Johnson
||Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey
||Life expectancy: 70.2 years
|Violent Crime Rate (per 1,000): 33.7
||Property Crime Rate (per 1,000):
|Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 7.3
- 60 Minutes airs on CBS, beginning its reign as the longest-running
- The motion picture rating system debuts with G, PG, R and X.
- The rock musical Hair opens on Broadway.
- William H. Gass, In the Heart of the Heart of the Country
- Gore Vidal, Myra Breckenridge
Fiction: The Confessions of Nat Turner, William Styron
Music: Echoes of Time and the River, George Crumb
Oscars awarded in 1968
Academy Award, Best Picture: In the Heat of the Night, Walter
Mirisch, producer (United Artists)
|Outstanding Dramatic Series
||Mission: Impossible (CBS)
|Outstanding Comedy Series
||Get Smart! (NBS)
||Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead
- Record of the Year: "Up, Up and Away," 5th Dimension
- Album of the Year: Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band,
The Beatles (Capitol)
- Song of the Year: "Up, Up and Away," Jimmy L. Webb,
Miss America: Debra Dene Barnes (KS)
|1. Hurricane Abby
||June 1- 13
|2. Hurricane Brenda
|3. Tropical Storm Candy
||June 22 - 26
|4. Hurricane Dolly
||August 10 - 17
|5. Tropical Storm Edna
|6. Hurricane 1
|7. Tropical Storm Francis
|8. Hurricane Gladys